Preamble

The Treaty of Sèvres, 1920

THE TREATY OF PEACE
BETWEEN THE ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS AND TURKEY
SIGNED AT SÈVRES AUGUST 10, 1920

 

THE CONVENTION RESPECTING THE REGIME OF THE STRAITS AND OTHER INSTRUMENTS SIGNED AT SÈVRES

    THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY AND JAPAN,
  • These Powers being described in the present Treaty as the Principal Allied Powers;
    ARMENIA, BELGIUM, GREECE, THE HEDJAZ, POLAND, PORTUGAL, ROUMANIA, THE SERB-CROAT-SLOVENE STATE AND CZECHO-SLOVAKIA,
  • These Powers constituting, with the Principal Powers mentioned above, the Allied Powers, of the one part;
    AND TURKEY, of the other part;
  • Whereas on the request of the Imperial Ottoman Government an Armistice was granted to Turkey on October 30, 1918, by the Principal Allied Powers in order that a Treaty of Peace might be concluded, and
  • Whereas the Allied Powers are equally desirous that the war in which certain among them were successively involved, directly or indirectly, against Turkey, and which originated in the declaration of war against Serbia on July 28, I914, by the former Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Government, and in the hostilities opened by Turkey against the Allied Powers on October 29, 1914, and conducted by Germany in alliance with Turkey, should be replaced by a firm, just and durable Peace,
  • For this purpose the HIGH CONTRACTING PARTIES have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:
    HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND AND OF THE BRITISH DOMINIONS BEYOND TIIE SEAS, EMPEROR OF INDIA:
    1. Sir George Dixon GRAHAME, K. C. V. O., Minister Plenipotentiary of His Britannic Majesty at Paris;
    2. for the DOMINION of CANADA: The Honourable Sir George Halsey PERLEY, K.C. M. G High Commissioner for Canada in the United Kingdom;
    3. for the COMMONWEALTH of AUSTRALIA: The Right Honourable Andrew FISHER, High Commissioner for Australia in the United Kingdom;
    4. for the DOMINION of NEW ZEALAND: Sir George Dixon GRAHAME, K. C. V. O., Minister Plenipotentiary of His Britannic Majesty at Paris;
    5. for the UNION of SOUTH AFRICA: Mr. Reginald Andrew BLANKENBERG, O. B. E., Acting High Commissioner for the Union of South Africa in the United Kingdom;
    6. for INDIA: Sir Arthur HIRTZEL, K. C. B., Assistant Under Secretary of State for India;
    THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC:
    1. Mr. Alexandre MILLERAND, President of the Council, Minister for Foreign Affairs
    2. Mr. Frederic FRANÇOIS-MARSAL, Minister of Finance
    3. Mr. Auguste Paul-Louis ISAAC, Minister of Commerce and Industry;
    4. Mr. Jules CAMBON, Ambassador of France
    5. Mr. Georges Maurice PALÉOLOGUE, Ambassador of France, Secretary-General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
    HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ITALY:
    1. Count LELIO BONIN LONGARE, Senator of the Kingdom.
    2. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of H. M. the King of Italy at Paris.
    3. General Giovanni MARIETTI, Italian Military Representative on the Supreme War Council;
    HlS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF JAPAN:
    1. Viscount CHINDA, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of H. M. the Emperor of Japan at London;
    2. Mr. K. MATSUI, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of H. M. the Emperor of Japan at Paris;
    ARMENIA:
    1. Mr. Avetis AHARONIAN, President of the Delegation of the Armenian Republic;
  • HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE BELGIANS:
    1. Mr. Jules VAN DEN HEUVEL, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Minister of State;
    2. Mr. ROLIN JAEQUEMYNS, Member of the Institute of Private International Law, Secretary-General of the Belgian Delegation;
  • HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE HELLENES:
    1. Mr. Eleftherios K. VENIZELOS, President of the Council of Ministers;
    2. Mr. Athos ROMANOS, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of H. M. the King of the Hellenes at Paris;
  • HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE HEDJAZ:
  • THE PRESIDENT OF THE POLISH REPUBLIC:
    1. Count Maurice ZAMOYSKI, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Polish Republic at Paris;
    2. Mr. Erasme PILTZ;
  • THE PRESIDENT OF THE PORTUGUESE REPUBLIC:
    1. Dr. Affonso da COSTA, formerly President of the Council of Ministers; 
  • His MAJESTY THE KING OF ROUMANIA:
    1. Mr. Nicolae TITULESCU, Minister of Finance;
    2. Prince DIMITRIE GHIKA, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of H. M. the King of Roumania at Paris;
  • HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE SERBS, THE CROATS AND THE SLOVENES:
    1. Mr. Nicolas P. PACHITCH, formerly President of the Council of Ministers;
    2. Mr. Ante TRUMBIC, Minister for Foreign Affairs;
  • THE PRESIDENT OF THE CZECHO-SLOVAK REPUBLIC:
    1. Mr. Edward BENES, Minister for Foreign Affairs;
    2. Mr. Stephen OSUSKY, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Czecho-Slovak Republic at London;
  • TURKEY:
    1. General HAADI Pasha, Senator;
    2. RIZA TEVFIK Bey, Senator;
  • RECHAD HALISS Bey, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of Turkey at Berne; WHO, having communicated their full powers, found in good and due form, have AGREED AS FOLLOWS:
  • From the coming into force of the present Treaty the state of war will terminate.
  • From that moment and subject to the provisions of the present Treaty, officiai relations will exist between the Allied Powers and Turkey.

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Compiled by Lt.-Col. Lawrence Martin, Geographer of the Institute of Politics

from: The Treaties of Peace 1919-1923, Vol. II,
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, New York, 1924.