Archaeology

Related article to archaeology of Kurdistan

Evidence for the World’s earliest Beer and Wine making in Kurdistan

Prof. M. R. Izady
 
In a correspondence to the prestigious British scientific journal Nature (vol.360, 5 November, 1992, p. 24) Rudolph Michel of Museum Applied Science Center for Archaeology, and Patrick McGovern of University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia and Virginia Badler, Department of Near Eastern Studies, University of Toronto, archaeological and laboratory evidence is provided to prove the oldest existing trace of production of barley beer in the world.

The Tell Nader and Tell Baqrta Project in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

In October 2010 the University of Athens obtained permission by the Ministry of Municipalities and Tourism of the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq (KRG), the General Directorate of Antiquities of Kurdistan and the Directorate of Antiquities of Erbil to conduct excavations in two important archaeological sites: first in Tell Nader, which lies on the outskirts of the city of Erbil and then Tell Baqrta, approximatel

The Sassanian Inscription of Paikuli

The Paikuli inscription is comprised of three parts: introduction, main part, and conclusion. The main part can be divided into three: 1. An account of the events taking place before Narseh and the Iranian dignitaries meet at Paikuli; 2. An account of the events leading to the surrender of Warahrān, King of Sakas, and the punishment of Wahnām; 3. The negotiations between Narseh and the dignitaries regarding the succession to the throne of Iran, leading to Narseh’s acceptance of the Kingship.

Urartian Red Burnished Pottery From Diyarbakir Museum

Urartian Kingdom has not only become known by its organized state structure, advanced architecture, irrigation system, superior quality metal workmanship but also has become known by its red burnished potteries, which imitate metallic pots. Potteries’ pastes, which were given shape at paddle wheels by expert potters, were prepared by using very well sieved clay and sometimes by using additive small piece of sand. Slip, which were usually red and tones of red, were applied before drying in the kiln. The other operation that was realized before the stage of drying in the kiln was burnishing. After a good quality drying, possibly by getting polished with a soft material like leather, their surfaces were provides even and smooth and therefore, there was not any difference in the apparition of the metallic pots.

Assessment of the conservation of the Paikoli Monument

Paikoli Monument(1) was probably formed by a quadrilateral stone wall (average size: 40 x 60 x 40 cm) filled with a concrete mix of river stones and pebble; the binder of the concret e mix is probably calcium bi-hydrated sulphate (gypsum). Every block shows in the upper face two holes about 5 cm wide and about 3 cm deep, certainly used for the insertion of cramps to connect one block to the two adjacent.

Witness to Genocide

by Heather Pringle, Volume 62 Number 1, January/February 2009

Forensic archaeologists uncover evidence of a secret massacre—and help convict Saddam Hussein of crimes against humanity.

In May 1988, a prison guard checked Taymour Abdullah Ahmad's name off a list and directed him to a bus idling in the Popular Army camp in Topzawa, southwest of Kirkuk. The camp was one of Iraq's grimmest prisons.

Fieldwork and Fear in Iraqi Kurdistan

Diane E. King, 2009

Before the Iraqi Baath regime’s ouster in 2003, I intermittently lived and carried out research in the Kurdish-controlled part of Iraq. I often commuted between the towns of Dohuk and Zakho by bus or a taxi shared with other passengers. Each time the bus or taxi passed the junction just north of Dohuk at which one of the roads led to the government-controlled city of Mosul, passengers typically tensed up. In the distance, but within view, lay the last Kurdish checkpoint.

ناساندني كتیب؛ گؤرستاني سه‌ره‌تای نؤی به‌ردی له ئه‌شکه‌وتی شانه‌ده‌ر

The Proto-Neolithic Cemetery in Shanidar Cave. By Ralph S. Solecki, Rose L. Solecki and Anagnostis P. Agelarakis, Texas A&M University anthropology series; no.7, 2004, xv+234pp. Figs., Illus., ISBN 1-58544-272-0

فه‌ره‌يدون بيگله‌ری 

وه رگیر: یوسف حه سه ن زاده

زياتر له نيو سه‌ده له ناسين و ده‌سپیکردنی هه‌لقه‌ندنی کؤنينه‌ناسانه(شوينه‌وارناسانه)ی ئه‌شکه‌وتی شانه‌ده‌ر له لايه‌ن رالف سولکی و خیزانی رالف (رؤز) تیپه‌ر ده‌بيت. ئه‌م ئه‌شکه‌وته که له باکووری رؤژئاوای کیوه‌کانی زاگرؤس، له کوردوستانی عیراق هه‌لکه‌وتوه، خاوه‌ن کؤمه‌لیک ئاسه‌واری کؤنينه‌ناسی زؤر پاراو له چاخی کؤن به‌ردی ناوه‌ندی هه‌تا دواييه‌کانی نوی به‌رديه.

معرفی كتاب؛ گورستان آغاز نوسنگی در غار شانیدر

The Proto-Neolithic Cemetery in Shanidar Cave. By Ralph S. Solecki, Rose L. Solecki and Anagnostis P. Agelarakis, Texas A&M University anthropology series; no.7, 2004, xv+234pp. Figs., Illus., ISBN 1-58544-272-0

بیش از نیم قرن از شناسایی و آغاز كاوش غار شانیدر بوسیله رالف سولكی و همسرش رز می گذرد. این غار كه در شمال غربی زاگرس، در كردستان عراق واقع شده دارای بقایای باستان شناختی بسیار غنی از دوره پارینه سنگی میانی تا اواخر نوسنگی است.

The glazed bricks from Bukan: new insights into Mannaean art

Yousef Hassanzadeh; Antiquity Vol 80 No 307 March 2006
 
Mannaean studies as an independent field began with the discovery of Ziwiye in 1936 and the initiation of scientific excavations there (Boehmer 1964, 1988; Postgate 1989; Levine 1977). The archaeological site at Ziwiye was at first identified as Izbie, one of the important Mannaean provinces in the Iron Age of Iran. After this, great efforts were made to discover Izirtu, soon identified with Qaplanto near Ziwiye (Godard 1949, 1950: 7). But these identifications have since been discarded. In 1956, R. Dyson from the University of Pennsylvania began his extensive excavations on the Hasanlu mound, proposing Hasanlu IV as a Mannaean settlement. In a short time, the presence of Mannaean at Hasanlu became abundantly apparent (Boehmer 1964; Dyson 1989; Dyson & Muscarella 1989).
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